Ceramic tile is a natural product made up of clay, a number of other naturally-occurring minerals, and water that are pressed into shape and fired at high temperatures resulting in a hard body. The bisque, or body, of ceramic tile may be glazed, or left unglazed depending on its intended use. Glazed ceramic tile has a ceramic coating applied to the tile body, which gives that tile its colour and finish.
Tile Production Methods
Monocottura – It is an Italian word meaning, “single fired”. Through the single-firing production technology slab and glaze are fired simultaneously, with a sole thermal treatment. Thanks to the slab's wide variability gap of water absorption (varying from somewhere close to zero to nearly a 15%), single-fired tiles can include a wide range of glazed materials with many different physical features. One thing they have in common is the employment of clays containing iron oxides for the body preparation.
Single-fired tiles can be used both as wall or floor tiles.
Bicottura – It is an Italian world meaning “double fired”. The production process of the double-fired tiles consists in two phases: the first one where the slab is fired and the second one where the glaze is melted by means of thermal treatment. The double-firing is used for claddings.
Single and double fired tiles can have a red or a white body and are mainly destined to the residential market for indoor use.
Gres Porcelain Stoneware
Grès Porcelain stoneware is a ceramic with a compact, hard, and non-porous body . Gres Porcelain Stoneware products are created using highly selected raw materials and high temperature firing cycles, which work together to form an extremely compacted body, vitrified with lowest porosity.
The production process begins with wet-grinding of the clay mixed with kaolin, quartz and feldspar. This body is then pressed, dried and fired at 1200-1400 C° in single layer roller kilns. During high temperature firing cycles, the product reaches a high level of vitrification. After cooling, it is ready for the final phase of control, sorting and packing.
While in a glazed ceramic product section the body, which determines the mechanical resistance features of a tile can be easily distinguished from the glaze which determines its aesthetic appearance and its wear resistance, the surface and body of porcelain stoneware make one whole.
Therefore, porcelain stoneware is absolutely resistant, hygienic and yet has fashionable and elegant appearance thanks to its vitrified surface, that grants the tile an excellent water resistance and a great mechanical strength. Such vitrification is an integral part of the tile and there is no need for glazing.
However, glazed porcelain stoneware allows to choose among a variety of colours, styles, sizes, decorations and "textures" someway peculiar to glazed ceramic. The same can be said as for stain resistance, all that combining the stoneware performances and slab duration. Moreover, the glazing makes the cleaning process easier while guaranteeing a perfect surface hygiene.
Throughbody gres porcelain stoneware is a ceramic body which is coloured throughout the thickness of the tile
A product which is an outcome of technological revolution. Finest ingredients, rich raw materials and innovative technology impart the uniqueness to this product. Designed by graffiti, and hence the aesthetics are uncommon. With User-friendly Features and strong mechanical/surface characteristics, the product is with advantage for myriad applications.
Layer 1 – Highly Compact near Porcelain LWA body
Layer 2 – Special Drying treatment- Optimization of Moisture Content
Layer 3 – High density Engobe
Layer 4 – Super Rich European Glaze
Layer 5– ‘High Resolution Image’ print
Layer 6 – Abrasion Resistant Special Formulated coating
L1 = 9.2 mm thickness gives sturdiness. High Bending Strength. Very Low Porosity due to highly compacted fine body grains and hence Low Absorption.
L2 = Special "Drying Treatment” in a DRYER Optimizing the “Moisture Content” of the body to give the tile enhanced inherent strength.
L3 = Shields marks and penetration of soluble from beneath. Caters to very good base for further surface applications.
L4 = Long Lasting Surface sheen. Supports fine printing details.
L5 = Creativity at its best. Contemporary designs. High resolution Image.
L6 = Abrasion resistance to moderate to high traffic. Compliance to GR 32 characteristics. Features which extend clean looks and soft feel.
Surface Hardness > 6 on Mohs scale. Scratch and Stain resistant.
*CELL Technology – Compacted & Enhanced LAYER on LAYER (CELL)